Perugia was an Etruscan city of great importance, as evidenced by monuments such as the Etruscan Arch, Porta Marzia, the Pozzo Etrusco.
In the second century A.D. Emperor Octavian besieged and conquered giving it the name of ” Augusta Perusia .”
After the fall of the Roman Empire the city suffered numerous invasions up to became a free municipality in the eleventh century and was at this time that the city began to take on urban quell’assetto that still distinguishes it, enriched by splendid palaces, sculptures and paintings of great value.
During this period the city was often divided between civil strife taken from different families such as the Michelotti, the Piccinino, Fortinbras and the Baglioni.
The latter prevailed and ruled until 1531, when the outbreak of the bloody ” Salt War “, starring opposite the people of Perugia and the Papal States, which imposed a new tax.
latter winning the war, occupied the city and the Pope Paul III Farnese, as a symbol of the rule of the Church, built and designed by Antonio da Sangallo the Younger, an impressive fortress called Rocca Paolina.
The papal power lasted unchallenged until 1860, when Perugia became part of the Kingdom of Italy.

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