The village that was the birthplace of Enea Silvio Piccolomini and that was to disappear would not abbena sort Pienza, called Corsignano and was a stronghold of Siena. Some documents around the Mille us bear witness to its history of war events in major cities nearby. In 1251 the country was involved in the struggles between Guelphs and Ghibellines in 1269 and have some serious issues with a rich landowner named Berthold who had cut off the supplies to the inhabitants of the village. A document of 1393 assures us as being equal to be paid in Siena was changed from wax money in order to make a Palio. Corsignano few traces remain on the walls and in the street Gozzante and a Romanesque church with three kilometers from Pienza. Pienza is the only town in the surroundings of which can be clearly contemplate birth: it has been built on plan, by Pope Pius II – Enea Silvio Piccolomini – not just ascended the papal throne in 1558. High on the Orcia Valley, look to the east is the mountain which stands Cortona and the three lakes (Trasimeno, Chiusi and Montepulciano), and south of the Monte Amiata and the Orcia valley surrounded by, dominates Torrita, Asciano, S. Giovanni d’Asso and the hills of Chianti. Pienza was built in just over three years, and was named by Pope Pius II. Because of its location, the town had a very important role in the wars that saw cross in Tuscany and Siena weapons Medici and the imperial with the French joined the Republic of Siena in Montalcino (1550-60) and was sacked fifteen times. He passed to the Medici and followed the fate of other Tuscan cities. Also remember looting the treasures of Pienza suffered, under Napoleonic rule. Enea Silvio Piccolomini, who came to the papal dignity as Pius II, commissioned Bernardo Rossellini, Florentine sculptor and architect, a pupil of Leon Battista Alberti, to renew the urban poor and the ancient village of Corsignano in the Renaissance town of Pienza, which , created between 1459 and 1562, centered around the main square, Serbian signs of the rapid and hasty bloom. Around the central square rotate the Duomo, Palazzo Piccolomini, Palazzo Borgia and Palazzo dei Priori. Other houses and other buildings were built around the main buildings and scattered in the streets of Pienza, manufactured with taste and material related to the costruioni Rossellino, under the supervision of the architect Pietro Paolo Porrina, Siena. The buildings have a style derived from Alberti, mixed motif of taste oldest.